Prevention from mother to child transmission of HIV (PMTCT)
PMTCT programme became the country’s key program where screening among antenatal mother was implemented country wide in 1998. Aiming at preventing vertical transmission, all HIV positive mothers were given free ARV and HIV-exposed infants given ARV prophylaxis. To further interrupt vertical transmission, HIV-exposed infants were also given free replacement feeding up to 2 years of age. Beginning 2011 the government adopted treatment option B+ for HIV infected mothers. The timeline of PMTCT implementation is depicted in the figure below.